International Journal of Emerging Multidisciplinaries: Mathematics

Corresponding Author

Afraz Hussain

Authors ORCID


Document Type

Research Article

Subject Areas

Applied Mathematics and Computations


Flow and heat transfer, Square cavity, Hybrid mesh, FEM computation, Heated baffles


In this study, the flow and heat transfer of viscous fluid features inside the closed configuration with a heated baffles are investigated. Due to the non-linearity of the model, the numerical approach is adopted to get the solution. Initially, the governing equations were discretized in the 2D domain using the Finite Element Method (FEM). To improve accuracy, a hybrid mesh is built at a coarse level, then the grid refinement level is increased. The baffle gap (B.g) is varied from 0.2 to 0.6 and three Reynolds numbers are chosen for this investigation: . The Grashof number is fixed in all the cases to . The results are discussed in terms of velocity profile, isotherms, and vertical cutlines graphs.

Receive Date

2022-01-13 15:34:23

Publication Date